The Maldives Islands

Specks of emerald green enveloped by dazzling turquoise waters like scattered beads in the ocean; white powdery beaches, tall palms lean on towards the sea, crystalline white sands giving way to crystal clear waters, shades of turquoise blend flawlessly with deeper hues of blue; pristine coral reefs and some of the most incredible underwater life on our planet.


Rising from the deep blue of the vast expanse of the Indian Ocean are more than a thousand islands and thousands more reefs that form the Maldives.

The Maldives Islands comprises of roughly 1190 small coral islands, and covers a total area of 104,00.00 sq. Kilometers. These islands are no more than six feet above sea level and lie 73 degrees East Equator. The islands are grouped into nineteen administrative ‘atolls’, and vary in size and character. Some are sandbanks, while others are tropical islands, with lush vegetation, ringed with coral reefs, turquoise lagoons full of marine life, and white sandy beaches.

Maldives at a Glance

  • Time: + 5 hrs GMT
  • Capital: Malé
  • Total number of islands: 1,190
  • Inhabited Islands: 2002
  • Population: 400,000
  • Major Industries: Tourism & Fisheries
  • Resorts: 100+
  • Currency: Rufiyaa (All major currencies, credit cards and travelers cheques accepted)
  • Electricity: 240 AC
  • Access:  Scheduled and chartered flights
  • Visa: Free visa on arrival (30 days)
  • Language: Dhivehi – English widely spoken
  • Weather and Climate: Tropical
  • Transport: Speedboats, Dhoni, Seaplanes and Domestic flights
  • Working days: Sunday to Thursday


The Maldives consists of 1190 islands grouped into 26 natural atolls scattered over an area of 90,000 sq. km straddling the equator between,

– Degree of latitudes 07° 6’30” North and 00°41’48” South
– Degree of longitudes 72° 32’30” and 73° 45’54” East.

Maldives Geography

The atolls of the Maldives are formed from coral structures. The atolls are part of a greater structure known as the Laccadives-Chagos Ridge, which stretches over 2000 kilometers. The Maldives islands are low lying with the highest point at approximately eight feet above sea level. Ring-shaped reef structures form the atolls and these reefs provide the natural defense against wind and wave action on these delicate islands.


Located at the cross-ways of the Indian Ocean shipping lanes on the main seaway around the Indian subcontinent, the Maldives has long been a meeting point for African, Arab, Malay and Indonesian mariners.

Throughout the centuries these influences have shaped the Maldivian way of life. This can be seen from the many facets of Maldivian lifestyle such as dining, music, art and craft.


Bodu Beru is the most popular form of music and dance in the country, believed to have been introduced in the early 19th century by African slaves. Historians believe that Thaara, which also holds a special place in local entertainment, have been introduced from the Middle East in the seventeenth century.

Other forms of dance such as Bandiya Jehun have a strong South Asian flavor. Today western pop and Indian music is popular with the young and old.

Art & Craft

The Maldivians are skilled craftsmen. This can be seen in several of Maldivian arts and craft; the deft coral stone carvings at Hukuru Miskiiy, the intricate lacquer art, the fine mats woven by the women of Fioari in the south and the work of skilled calligraphers whose works old and new that can be viewed in mosques around the country.

Maldives FAQ

What is Maldives and where is it located?

The Maldives is a tropical country with beautiful beaches, glistening waters, and stunning coral reefs. Maldives is located southwest of Sri Lanka and India in the Indian Ocean.